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An Introduction to Landscape Architecture

Landscape design is both an art and an independent profession, practiced by many landscape architects, merging aesthetics and botany. In modern practice, landscape architecture bridges the gap between garden planning and landscape architecture. The landscape architect will usually have an overview of available building and land space with some knowledge of landscape design, but very little skill in either area. Nonetheless, many landscape architects are highly skilled landscape artists.

The key elements of landscape design are the physical elements such as soil, plant life and rocks, together with the psychological elements including land use, community, perception and style. The physical components need to be carefully planned in order to integrate all the main elements. Plants need to be chosen which will best represent the climate of the area, including height, habit, attractiveness and ability to withstand drought and heat. Different types of plant life need to be combined with appropriate wildlife to provide desirable texture.

The key landscape design elements are the physical environment, the vegetation, the topography and visual scale, and the structures and features that support and compliment each other. The physical environment is mainly comprised of the physical aspects of scale, such as height, breadth, surface texture, slope and arrangement of various features like fences, embankments, rock walls, retaining walls, pergola or sundial. Vegetation can be categorized according to type, for example, shrubs, grasses, ground covers, trees and flowers. Topography is the condition of the soil and physical aspect of the hills, mountains, plains, hilly areas and flatlands. Visit this landscaping company to get the best services.

The visual scale consists of size, shape, form and composition which are combining to create a large-scale view. The built environment is usually built from the ground up using structures such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, retaining walls, parking lots, freeways, sewers, and electricity poles. The elements of the built environment are the features that are constructed separately and then combined to create the landscape design. These elements include building materials, planting, climate, wind patterns, sunlight and other physical factors.

The third element is the vegetation. Weeds may be a large or small amount, but they must be arranged in a way that allows them to blend with the main elements of the landscape design. They should be cut, planted and maintained by the landscape architect. Aesthetic values must be considered when selecting the vegetation as they have a direct impact on the comfort and attractiveness of the visitors' experience. Water also plays a major role in any landscape design and can either be harvested for landscape irrigation or can be used to beautify the space.

The final component is the form and structure of the buildings and structures. Buildings in landscape architecture vary greatly in size, form, function and design. Their placement, size, location, purpose and form all play an important part in landscape design. Landscape architecture uses many forms and sizes, such as wall and ceiling structures, arbors, gazebos, and sundials. The use of these forms and sizes have an indirect influence on the aesthetic experience of the viewer. Architectural designers take into consideration factors such as scale, form and function in their designs. To find out more about this topic, click here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landscaping.

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